Synthetic mesh placement - modality of choice in spontaneous intercostal pleural herniation: a case report


  • Shashwat Vyas Department of General Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Amit Goyal Department of General Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India



Spontaneous intercostal pleural hernia, Thoracic hernias, Monofilament mesh repair, Lung herniations


Hernia is defined as protrusion of a viscus or its part from the wall covering it and in some rare cases due to increased intercostal space there is spontaneous herniation of pleura and lung also known as extrathoracic lung hernia. A 48 year gentleman was admitted in our centre for chest wall swelling which has developed spontaneously 1 year back, painless, with cough impulse, further investigations like chest x-ray revealed nothing , subsequently CT thorax showed intercostal pleural hernia. He underwent surgery which diagnosed it as a case of intercostal pleural hernia having defect between 8th and 9th rib. Subsequently primary repair of defect was done with placement of monofilament mesh over it and then approximation of intercostal space was done with monofilament suture placed over 8th and 9th ribs. Post operatively patient had no complications and no recurrence of hernia. Spontaneous pleural herniation is a usually caused by coughing, heavy weight lifting, weakness of thoracic muscles by smoking, obesity etc. Ideal management is to treat the aetiology along with repair of the defect to prevent recurrence. In the present case the hernia developed after a bout of cough due to increased intercostal space between 8th and 9th ribs and also due to obesity leading to weak musculature. Intercostal pleural hernia repair can be achieved by primary repair of defect but it is advisable to use synthetic materials such as knitted monofilament polypropylene (Marlex) mesh to provide addition support to prevent recurrence.  

Author Biography

Shashwat Vyas, Department of General Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India



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Case Reports