DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20194432

Colon interposition in the treatment of corrosive esophageal strictures: 100 patients in seven years

Praveen Sharma, Mukesh Pancholi

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this study is to represent the change in our concept of principles and techniques of esophagocoloplasty (midcolon esophagocoloplasty) with repetitive performance of the operation and approach of early surgical intervention (within 4-6 month of corrosive ingestion) in place of repetitive trials of dilatations and medical management, provides early better quality of life with lesser period of suffering and saving expenditure of treatment.

Methods: This retrospective study comprises of consecutive 100 patients operated for colon interposition for corrosive stricture of esophagus done at two university linked government teaching hospitals during March 2011 to March 2018. Out of 100 patients, 77 female and 23 male (3:1), mean age 30.6 years (range from 21 to 47 years), mean hospital stay was 14.5 days (range 10 to 25 days) and mean operative duration was 4.5 hours (range 2.5 to 7 hours).

Results: The 30 day in hospital mortality rate was 9%. There were 14 instances of leak at the esophagocolic anastomosis (14%), graft necrosis occurred in 01 patient, 08 patients (8%) developed stenosis at the esophagocolic anastomosis. More than 90% patients (n=77) had ‘Good’ result, 06 patients had ‘Fair’ and 02 had ‘Poor’ result.

Conclusions: Midcolon graft is a solution for confusion in judgment of adequate length of graft and offer uniformity in procedure with effectively lesser operative time. Early (4-6 months after ingestion) operative intervention is advantageous to patients suffering from crippling dysphagia with repeated admission and expenditure from multiple endoscopic dilatations.


Keywords


Corrosive ingestion, Colon interposition, Midcolon esophagocoloplasty, Corrosive stricture

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