Study of burn injuries and pattern with seasonal variation in a tertiary care centre


  • Kush Verma Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Sangeeta Thakurani Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Ravikanta Negi Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Deepti Shah Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, U N Mehta Institute of Cardiology, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India



Burn injuries, Retrospective, Scald burns, Seasonal variations, Flame burns, Electric burns


Background: Burn injuries pose a significant public health concern, necessitating a detailed investigation to enhance injury prevention strategies. This study investigates the distribution and patterns of burn injuries in a tertiary care centre, focusing on gender, age, burn types, outcomes, and seasonal variations.

Methods: Data from a multi-year retrospective analysis (2018-2022) were collected and analysed to determine the gender distribution of burn incidents. Additionally, age distributions were examined to understand the prevalence of burns across different age groups. Burn types were classified into flame, scald, electric, and chemical/miscellaneous, while outcomes were categorised as discharged, abscond/LAMA (left against medical advice), death, or transfer to other departments. The study also investigated the seasonal variations in scald and flame burn incidents.

Results: The highest gender disparities were observed in 2018 and 2019, with 748 and 661 male cases, respectively, compared to 355 and 345 female cases. Children aged 1-10 constituted the largest burn cases, followed by individuals aged 25-40. Flame burns were the most common, accounting for the highest number of cases throughout the study period. Scald burns ranked second, followed by electric and chemical/miscellaneous burns. Most burn incidents resulted in discharge, followed by abscond/LAMA cases. Deaths and transfers to other departments were less frequent outcomes. The number of discharged cases increased gradually over the study period, indicating positive treatment outcomes.

Conclusions: The conclusions emphasize the necessity for all-encompassing preventative initiatives, including public awareness campaigns, safety education, and interventions for vulnerable groups.


Spronk I, Van Loey NEE, Van der Vlies CH, Haagsma JA, Polinder S, Van Baar ME, et al. Activity impairment, work status, and Work Productivity loss in adults 5-7 years after burn injuries. J Burn Care Res 2022;43:256-62.

Tripathee S, Basnet SJ. Epidemiology and outcome of hospitalised burns patients in a tertiary care centre in Nepal: Two-year retrospective study. Burns Open. 2017;1:16-9.

Goei H, Hop MJ, Van der Vlies CH, Nieuwenhuis MK, Polinder S, Middelkoop E, et al. Return to work after specialised burn care: A two-year prospective follow-up study of the prevalence, predictors and related costs. Injury. 2016;47:1975-82.

Tan WH, Goldstein R, Gerrard P, Ryan CM, Niewczyk P, Kowalske K, et al. Outcomes and predictors in burn rehabilitation. J Burn Care Res. 2012;33:110-7.

Öster C, Ekselius L. Return to work after burn--a prospective study. Burns. 2011;37:1117-24.

Mason ST, Esselman P, Fraser R, Schomer K, Truitt A, Johnson K. Return to work after burn injury: a systematic review. J Burn Care Res. 2012;33:101-9.

Fauerbach JA, Engrav L, Kowalske K, Brych S, Bryant A, Lawrence J, et al. Barriers to employment among working-aged patients with major burn injury. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2001;22:26-34.

Sahu SA, Agrawal K, Patel PK. Scald burn, a preventable injury: Analysis of 4306 patients from a major tertiary care center. Burns. 2016;42:1844-9.

Carroll SM, Gough M, Eadie PA, McHugh M, Edwards G, Lawlor D. A 3-year epidemiological review of burn unit admissions in Dublin, Ireland: 1988-1991. Burns. 1995;21:379-82.

Golshan A, Patel C, Hyder AA. A systematic review of the epidemiology of unintentional burn injuries in South Asia. J Public Health (Oxf). 2013;35:384-96.

Ganesamoni S, Kate V, Sadasivan J. Epidemiology of hospitalised burn patients in a tertiary care hospital in South India. Burns. 2010;36:422-9.

Tyson AF, Gallaher J, Mjuweni S, Cairns BA, Charles AG. The effect of seasonality on burn incidence, severity and outcome in Central Malawi. Burns. 2017;43:1078-82.

Tyson AF, Boschini LP, Kiser MM, Samuel JC, Mjuweni SN, Cairns BA, et al. Survival after burn in a sub-Saharan burn unit: Challenges and opportunities. Burns. 2013;39:1619-25.

Liu EH, Khatri B, Shakya YM, Richard BM. A 3-year prospective audit of burns patients treated at the Western Regional Hospital of Nepal. Burns. 1998;24:129-33.

Brych SB, Engrav LH, Rivara FP, Ptacek JT, Lezotte DC, Esselman PC, et al. Time off work and return to work rates after burns: systematic review of the literature and a large two-center series. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2001;22:401-5.






Original Research Articles