Beyond the incisions: unraveling the superiority between laparoscopic versus open appendectomy


  • Mohammad Tarequl Islam Department of General Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • M. Mahboob Hasan Department of General Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Sohel Ahmed Department of General Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Abul Kalam Basir Department of General Surgery, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram, Bangladesh
  • Fahmida Hasnat Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Combined Military Hospital, Chattogram, Bangladesh



Appendicitis, Laparoscopic appendectomy, Open appendectomy, Post-operative outcome


Background: Appendectomy is one of the most common surgical emergencies worldwide and is performed using either an open or a laparoscopic approach. Although minimally invasive surgeries are replacing open surgical procedures, laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has not yet been established as the gold standard procedure compared to open appendectomy (OA). This study aimed to compare the outcomes of LA and OA in 100 cases and evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of LA as the preferred method for treating acute appendicitis.

Methods: This study was a prospective comparative analysis of 100 patients with acute appendicitis who underwent LA or OA. This study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital (CMH Chattogram) between January 2021 and April 2023. Patients were divided into two groups: laparoscopic (n=50) and open (n=50) appendectomy. Both groups were compared for operative time, length of hospital stay, postoperative pain, complication rate, time to return to normal activity, and cosmetic outcome.

Results: The mean operative time was significantly longer in the LA group (43 minutes) compared to the OA group (36.4 minutes) (p<0.001). However, the LA group had significantly less postoperative pain with a mean VAS score of 2.04 at 48 hours postoperatively compared to 5.7 in the OA group(p<0.001). LA group had a shorter length of hospital stay compared to the OA group (3.12 days versus 6.48 days, p<0.001) and a faster time to return to normal activities (7.68 days versus 16.58 days, p<0.001). the LA group had less surgical site infection compared to the open group, with 2 out of 50 compared to 8 in the open group (p<0.46). The cosmetic outcome was measured with the scar scale where the LA group had a significantly better-looking scar with a score of 4.28 versus the score of 8.86 (p<0.001) in the case of the OA group.

Conclusions: While the longer operative time of LA was a drawback, its benefits in terms of the better visual field of vision during operation and improved patient outcomes make it the more favorable option for appendectomy.


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