Early outcome of surgery, triamcinolone and silicone gel combination therapy for earlobe keloid: our local experience

Authors

  • Oshiozimede Quincy Aigbonoga Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Unit, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria; Ambrosa Alli University Ekpoma, ADIZA Hospital, Jattu, Edo State, Nigeria
  • Oluwafemi Olasupo Awe Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Unit, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria
  • Andrew Akarutu Okomayin General Surgery Unit, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20232320

Keywords:

Earlobe keloids, Triple therapy, Intralesional excision, Triamcinolone injection, Silicone gel

Abstract

Background: Earlobe keloids cause facial disfigurement, physical, emotional and psychological burden to patients, while posing an intriguing treatment challenge to the plastic surgeon. Different options of combination therapy have been used in the treatment of earlobe keloids with varied success rates.    

Methods: This interventional prospective hospital-based study was carried out in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, over a 15-month period (October 2017 to December 2018). Forty-two patients with earlobe keloids who met the inclusion criteria were serially recruited into the study. Forty-eight earlobe keloids in 41 patients had the intralesional excision biopsy, intralesional triamcinolone injection and silicone gel combination therapy. A modified Sharquie et al’s scar grading system was applied pre-intervention to record the baseline scores and post-intervention to evaluate the patients’ rate of response. Post treatment complications were identified, and the patients were followed up for six months.

Results: Most of the patients with earlobe keloids fell in the age group 21-30 years and the male-female ratio was 1:19.5. Multiple earlobe piercing had significant association with the development of earlobe keloids. 95.8% of treated lesions had complete response to therapy. Two (4.2%) patients had dyschromia following treatment.

Conclusions: The triple therapy combination of intralesional excision biopsy, postoperative intralesional triamcinolone injection and topical silicone gel application is a readily available, safe and efficacious treatment modality for earlobe keloids. Thus, it can be used as a first-line treatment modality.

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Published

2023-07-28

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Original Research Articles