DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20220940
Published: 2022-03-28

Laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh repair for ventral hernia: our experience

Vamsi K. Malligurki, Bhaskaran A.

Abstract


Background: Ventral hernia is one of the most common pathologic conditions encountered with an estimated prevalence of one-fourth of individuals being born with it, developing, or acquiring a ventral hernia in their lifetime. Ventral hernias include both primary abdominal wall hernia and incisional hernia. Numerous studies indicate that the laparoscopic approach is safe and effective, and may be superior to open repair with regard to lower rates of recurrence and wound infection, greater patient acceptance, shorter hospital stay and early return to work. Aim of the study was to analyse the outcome, complications, postoperative pain and patient compliance in laparoscopic ventral hernia repair by intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) technique, using composite mesh.

Methods: This was a prospective study conducted in the department of general surgery, MVJ medical college, Bangalore from December 2020 to August 2021. There were 100 cases operated by experienced surgeons. All patients posted electively for laparoscopic repair of ventral hernia on an intention to treat basis were included in the study. The immediate complications of pain, perioperative bleeding and major visceral injury were noted in all cases. We then followed up each patient prospectively in the postoperative period at 1 month, 3 months and 6 months to assess the incidence of port-site hernia and recurrence.

Results: Of the 100 patients, 63 had an umbilical hernia, 33 had incisional hernias and 4 had an epigastric hernia. The mean age of the patients was 44.7 years. Female to male ratio of 2.25:1. The average defect width was 1.3 cm for umbilical hernias and 2.4 cm for incisional hernias. The mean operating time was 38 min for umbilical hernias and 61 min for incisional hernias. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 4.7 days. The mean duration of return to normal daily activity was 6.4 days. The average duration for which postoperative pain lasted was 4.6 days. No conversion to open laparotomy was required in any of the cases. The only short complication reported was postoperative pain. No case of postoperative ileus/seroma/port site infection/mesh displacement/infection or port site hernia and recurrence was reported over one year of follow up.

Conclusions: IPOM technique is safe, feasible and effective technique for treatment of ventral abdominal wall hernias.

 


Keywords


Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair, IPOM repair, Abdominal wall hernia, Incisional hernia repair, Umbilical hernia repair

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