DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20221154
Published: 2022-04-26

Pulmonary function changes in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Jaiparam Singh Wazir, Ashok Kumar Gupta, Umer Mushtaq, Rakesh Pandey, Javid Ahmed Peer

Abstract


Background: Cholecystectomy, surgical removal of the gallbladder, is one of the most common elective procedures performed by general surgeons.Upper abdominal operations may induce postoperative restrictive ventilatory defects. They are more pronounced in open procedures, yet also seen in laparoscopic ones cholecystectomy.

Methods: This observational study entitled “pulmonary function changes in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy” was conducted after clearance from board of studies and ethical committee in the department of general surgery, Sharda hospital, school of medical sciences and research (Greater Noida) during the period 2019-2021. The study population has been calculated by using G-power software with 80% of the power and 5% of the significance level. The total sample size was determined to be 100 patients.

Results: The study population consisted of 34 (34.0%) belonged to 19-30 years. There were 23 (23.0%) males and 77 (77.0%) females among study population. The mean forced vital capacity (FVC) (L), FEV1 (L), FEV1/FVC (%), FEF 25-75 (L) and SpO2 was compared between Pre-operative and post-operative using the paired t test. Mean FVC (L), FEV1 (L), FEV1/FVC (%), FEF 25-75 (L) and SpO2 decreased significantly from pre-operatively to post-operatively.

Conclusions: To conclude my study, it has been observed that pulmonary function variables (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF-25-75%) were significantly impaired after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Keywords


Pulmonary function, FEV1, FVC, Diaphragm

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