DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20220636
Published: 2022-02-28

A comparative study between Mannheims peritonitis index and Boeys score in predicting the morbidity and mortality in perforated pertic ulcer patients in a tertiary health care center in Bangalore

Harindranath H. R., Mamatha V. P.

Abstract


Background: Peptic ulceration is one of the major health problem encountered all around the world. Peptic ulcers are associated with complications like bleeding, perforation and obstruction with perforation being the most frequent complication. Objectives of current study were to compare the efficacy of MPI and Boey score in predicting the morbidity and mortality of patients with perforated peptic ulcer in a tertiary health care center in Bangalore which helps in stratification of the patients into different categories based on the likelihood of morbidity and mortality for more appropriate intensive care and management.

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in a span of 9 months in the department of general surgery in Bangalore medical college and research institute. All the patients over 18 years with perforated peptic ulcer peritonitis who underwent laparotomy were included in the study. Data was appropriately tabulated; MPI and Boey score calculated and statistically analysed to predict morbidity and mortality of the patients.

Results: Total number of subjects in this study was 75. Mean age was 44.53 years. Overall mortality was 32% (24 patients). Most common complication noted in this study was surgical site infection followed by pulmonary complications.

Conclusions: Both MPI and Boey score were accurate in predicting the morbidity and mortality in PPU with higher scores having increased risk of morbidity and mortality. However, Boey score was more specific in predicting mortality and it can be used pre-operatively in predicting morbidity and mortality when compared to MPI which requires intra-operative findings for prediction.


Keywords


Boey score, Peptic ulcer, Mannheim peritonitis index, Morbidity, Mortality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Jain U, Chauhan A, Gupta J, Gupta AK. Evaluation of Boey scoring in predicting morbidity and mortality in peptic ulcer perforation peritonitis. Int J Surg Sci. 2021;5(3):41-3.

Anand C. Comparison of effectiveness of Boey Score and Pulp Score in assessment of severity in peptic ulcer perforations: prospective study. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2018;17(12):11-7.

Thorsen K, Søreide JA, Søreide K. Scoring systems for outcome prediction in patients with perforated peptic ulcer. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2013;21:25.

Narayan SD. Boey Score in predicting outcome in perforated peptic ulcer from tertiary referral center of Nepal. ARC J Surg. 2018;5(1):9-14.

Jain GK. Mannheim peritonitis index as an evaluative tool in predicting mortality and morbidity in patients with hollow viscus perforation peritonitis. J Med Sci Clin Res. 2018;6:82-5.

Agarwal A, Jain S, Meena LN, Jain SA, Agarwal L. Validation of Boey's score in predicting morbidity and mortality in peptic perforation peritonitis in Northwestern India. Trop Gastroenterol. 2015;36(4): 256-60.

Anshu A, Kumar J. Evaluation of Boey’s Score in Perforated Peptic Ulcer at Patna Medical College and Hospital. 2018;;6:45-9.

Gulzar J, Paruthy S, Arya S. Improving outcome in perforated peptic ulcer emergency surgery by Boey scoring. Int Surg J. 2016;3(4):2120-8.

Malik AA, Wani KA, Dar LA, Wani MA, Wani RA, Parray FQ. Mannheim Peritonitis Index and APACHE II--prediction of outcome in patients with peritonitis. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2010; 16(1):27-32.

Osterman M. Peptic ulcer disease in a general adult population: the kalixanda study: a random populationbased study. Gastroenterol. 2007;4:178-9.

Bamrah JS, Bhargava GS, Kohli M. Evaluation of Mannheim peritonitis index to predict outcome of patients with hollow viscus perforation. Int Surg J. 2020;7:1385-90.

Sharma S, Singh S, Makkar N, Kumar A, Sandhu MS. Assessment of severity of peritonitis using Mannheim Peritonitis Index. Nig J Surg. 2010; 22(2):118-22.