A tertiary care prospective of epidemiology and etiopathogenesis of esophageal carcinoma from Northern India


  • Varun Dogra Department of General Surgery, Jammu and Kashmir Health Services, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Silvi Sandhu Department of Pathology, GMC Jammu, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Ishfaq Ahmad Gilkar Department of Surgery, GMC Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Umer Mushtaq Department of Surgery, GMC Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Shyam Gupta Department of Surgery, GMC Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India




Esophageal cancer, Alcohol, Smoking, Food habits


Background: Esophageal cancer is considered to be a one of the most lethal malignancy. Indian population have seen a lot of changes in the epidemiology of this deadly cancer. However very few studies have been done from northern India regarding the epidemiology and etiopathogenesis of this disease. Majority of esophageal cancers (about 90%) are either squamous cell or Adenocarcinoma. Any factor that causes chronic irritation and inflammation of the esophageal mucosa appears to increase the incidence of the esophageal. The aim of the study was to perform an epidemiological study and determine the various factors that are implicated in the pathogenesis of carcinoma esophagus.

Methods: This study was conducted in the department of general surgery, Government Medical College, Jammu, as an observational prospective study. It took into account the patients from 2015 to 2020. A total of 23 patients of carcinoma oesophagus who presented to Outdoor patient wing of department of surgery were included in the study. After detailed history, examination and investigations, the various variables were extracted and data was processed.

Results: In this study, the majority of people were from rural areas in their seventh decade of life with males: female ratio of 3:1. The majority of people complained of dysphagia and weight loss. The site of tumor was Gastroesophageal junction.

Conclusions: This study emphasised the need of health education in our population, especially in young adults to lessen the risk factors for carcinoma esophagus.


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