A novel treatment protocol in severe acute pancreatitis: the first double blinded comparative trial to assess efficiency of omega 3 fatty acid infusion
Keywords:Acute pancreatitis, Severe acute pancreatitis, Celepid, ω-3 PUFA infusion, ω-3 fatty acid
Background: For decades, the treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP) has been largely supportive. However, a therapeutic window for intervention using immune modulators exists between the onset of clinical symptoms and peak pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. Soybean oil derived ω-3 PUFA is shown to inhibit the formation of ω-6 PUFA derived pro-inflammatory eicosanoids and suppresses pro-inflammatory activity of nuclear transcription factors (NF-κβ); thus, bringing about a much-needed immune regulation, both locally and systemically. Our aim was to study the efficacy of ω-3 PUFA infusion in severe AP (SAP) and set a new treatment protocol.
Methods: This, first of its kind, doubled blinded randomised control trial was undertaken to assess the efficacy of early ω-3 PUFA supplementation in patients with predicted SAP by using serum amylase, serum lipase and C-reactive protein (CRP) with BISAP and Marshal scoring systems as markers for clinical outcome. 60 such patients were randomised into two groups: 30 were given ω-3 PUFA infusion and 30 were given a placebo. Chi square test and unpaired t test were used for comparison.
Results: ω-3 PUFA infusion was found to be highly significant (p<0.05) in bringing about clinical improvement, reduced progression of SAP, reduced hospital stay and prompt reversal of organ dysfunction and SIRS.
Conclusions: ω-3 PUFA infusion is the future for the treatment of patients with SAP. This drug is cheap and easily available, has no known side effects, reduces the morbidity and mortality, reduces the duration of hospital stay; thus, resulting in overall reduced medical expenditure.
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