Published: 2021-09-28

Comparative efficacy of intralesional verapamil hydrochloride, triamcinolone acetonide and combination of both drug in hypertrophic scars and keloids at tertiary care center

Satyabrata Mohanty, Jitendra Gupta, Garima Rohatgi, Suresh Saigal


Background: Keloids and hypertrophic scars are still a therapeutic problem. Despite numerous proposed therapies reported in the literature, the management of keloid and hypertrophic scars is still challenging as there is no universally accepted treatment regimen. Compare the efficacy intralesional verapamil hydrochloride and triamcinolone acetonide separately as well as combination of both drug in treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids.

Methods: A retrospective study was carried out at the general surgery department (plastic surgery unit) at the JNUIMSRC Jaipur, Rajasthan. Total of 150 patients (60 males and 90 females) between 18 to 60 years of age were enrolled fulfilling the inclusion criteria. They were randomly categorized in to three groups (group A, B and C), based on treatment they received viz. verapamil alone, triamcinolone alone and combination of both drugs respectively. Assessment of the scars were done prior to or on the day of the first injection and at 24 weeks after the end of injection scheme by Vancouver scar scale (VSS). The decreasing values reflected clinical improvement of the scar.

Results: Better improvement observed in all four parameters: height, vascularity, pliability and pigmentation among patients receiving combination of both triamcinolone-verapamil drugs as compare to those patients receiving drugs separately either verapamil or triamcinolone alone. For parameters height, pliability and pigmentation, the improvement was found to be statistically significant (p<0.05)

Conclusions: Study highlights that the combined verapamil and triamcinolone therapy scheme causes remarkable scar improvement in keloid and hypertrophic scars in comparison to single drug scheme.


Keloid, Hypertrophic scars, Verapamil, Triamcinolone, VSS

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