Epidemiological study of burn patients in a tertiary care hospital, Sidhipet district, Telangana

Talla Sreenivas, Sudagani Sreenivas, Kotina Shridevi


Background: Burns is a global public health problem, accounting for an estimated 180000 deaths annually and over 1,000,000 cases in India. The exact epidemiological features of burns in each area vary and depends on geography, demography, culture, customs, occupations and several unknown factors. Hence in the present study effort was made to find out epidemiological features and causes associated with burns.

Methods: It was a descriptive study, study period been 1 April 2018 to 31 March 2021 (3 years). The study area was a tertiary care hospital in Sidhipet district, Telangana. The sample size was 170 on calculation with the formula. Data was collected from the medical records and reports attached in the file of the patient in the hospital. Ethical issue: Written informed consent or assent and ethical clearance from institutional ethical committee was obtained. Data was analyzed, using microsoft excel version 2019.

Results: Majority were from 21-30 years (35.32%), females (66%) and many were flame burns (74%). Major source of flame burns was cooking appliances (62%). Majority of burns have taken place at home (91.9%) and were accidental (86%). Case fatality rate calculated was 8.08%. 96% of wound swabs were positive for bacteria.

Conclusions: Mortality due to burns was significantly associated with burns which were suicidal/homicidal in nature, with more burn surface area of >30% and 3rd and 4th degree burns.


Demographic characteristics, Epidemiology, Burn patients

Full Text:



WHO. Fact sheet: Burns, 2018. Available at: Accessed on 1 April 2021.

WHO. Fact sheet: The Global Burden of Disease, 2004. Available at: burden_disease/GBD_report_2004update_full.pdf. Accessed on 1 April 2010.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. The Global Burden of Disease: 2010 Update. IHME, Seattle, 2012. Available at: https://www.uptodate. com/contents/epidemiology-of-burn-injuries-globally. Accessed on 1 March 2021.

Deshpande JD, Baviskar PK, Phalke DB. Epidemiological study of hospitalized burn patients in rural area. Int J Biomed Adv Res. 2012;3(4):263-7.

Ahuja RB, Goswami P. Cost of providing inpatient burn care in a tertiary, teaching, hospital of North India. Burns. 2013;39(4):558-64.

Ebenezer R, Rohit V, Isabella P, Ramakrishnan N, Krishnan G. Epidemiology of burns patients in a tertiary care hospital in South India: a retrospective analysis. Ann Burns and Trauma. 2018;2(1):1006.

Bhadra KA. Mahajan's Methods in Biostatistics for Medical Students and Research Workers. 8th ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; 2016: 117-9.

World meter. Fact sheet: Indian population (Live), 2020. Available at: worldpopulation/indiapopulation/. Accessed on 2 March 2021.

Hettiaratchy S, Papini R. Initial management of a major burn: II‚Äďassessment and resuscitation. BMJ. 2004;329:101-3.

University Rochester medical center. Fact sheet: Classification of burns. Available at: Accessed on 2 March 2021.

Mock C, Peck M, Peden M, Krug E. A WHO plan for burn prevention and care. Geneva, World Health Organization. 2008. Available at: https://www.jsm Accessed on 3 February 2021.

Attia AF, Sherif AA, Mandil AM, Massoud NM, Arafa MA, Mervat W, et al. Epidemiological and sociocultural study of burn patients in Alexandria, Egypt. East Mediterr Health J. 1997;3(3):452-61.

Honnegowda TM, Kumar P, Udupa P, Rao P. Epidemiological study of burn patients hospitalised at a burns centre, Manipal. Int Wound J. 2019;16:79-83.

Louri NA, Dey N, Ebrahim FK, Jose J, Philip SS, Shanmugasundaram T, et al. Epidemiology of burn at a military hospital in Bahrain: initial experience of patient outcomes and quality indicators. Int J Burns Trauma. 2018;8(3):54-62.

Kazemzadeh J, Vaghardoost R, Dahmardehei M, Rabiepoor S, Farzan R, Asghar Kheiri A, et al. Retrospective epidemiological study of burn injuries in 1717 pediatric patients: 10 years analysis of hospital data in Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2018;47(4):584-90.

Tripathee S, Basnet SJ. Epidemiology of burn injuries in Nepal: a systemic review. Burns Trauma. 2017;5:1-6.

Gowri S, Vijaya AN, Powar R, Honnungar R, Mallapur MD. Epidemiology and outcome of burn injuries. J Indian Acad Forensic Med. 2012;34:312-4.

Khan TS, Wani AH, Darzi MA, Bijli AH. Epidemiology of burn patients in a tertiary care hospital in Kashmir: a prospective study. Indian J Burns. 2014;22(1):98-103.

Ahuja RB, Bhattacharya S. Burns in the developing world and burn disasters. BMJ. 2004;329(7463):447-9.

Ganesamoni S, Kate V, Sadasivan J. Epidemiology of hospitalized burn patients in a tertiary care hospital in South India. Burns. 2010;36(3):422-9.

Kumar V. Burnt wives: a study of suicides. Burns. 2003;29(1):31-5.

Gupta A, Uppal S, Garg R, Gupta A, Pal R. A clinico-epidemiologic study of 892 patients with burn injuries at a tertiary care hospital in Punjab. India J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2011;4(8):7-11.

Al-Shaqsi S, Al-Busaidi S, Al-Kashmiri A, Alaraimi R, Al-Buloushi T. Epidemiology of burn in Sultanate of Oman. World J Plast Surg. 2016;5.

Subrahmanyam M. Epidemiology of burns in a district hospital in Western India. Burns. 1996;22(6):439-42.

Bilwani PK, Gupta R. Epidemiological problem of burn patients in LG hospital, Ahmedabad. Indian J Burns. 2003;11(1):63-4.

Jayaraman V, Ramakrishnan MK, Davies MR. Burns in Madras, India: an analysis of 1368 patients in one year. Burns. 1993;19(4):339-44.

Shanmugakrishnan RR, Narayanan V, Subramanian PT. Epidemiology of burns in a teaching hospital in south India. Indian J Plast Surg. 2008;41(1):34-7.

Gururaj G. New Delhi: injuries in india - a national perspective. burden of disease in India. Nat Commiss Macroeconom Heal. 2005:326.