DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20211006

Non operative management of isolated traumatic splenic injury

Shiwani Thakur, Naseer Ahmed Awan, Umer Mushtaq, Shaukat Jeelani, M. R. Attri, Ishfaq Ahmad Gilkar, Yaser Hussain Wani

Abstract


Background: Road traffic accidents, sports injuries, assaults, and falls from height, are among most common causes of blunt splenic trauma. In 1970s, postsplenectomy complications were published by some authors, revealing the high mortality and morbidity related to overwhelming postsplenectomy infection (OPSI). Therefore, conservative management for splenic trauma was accepted as treatment of choice in all the patients to decrease mortality due to OPSI. Therefore, NOM of traumatic splenic injury has now been accepted as standard treatment of choice for all AAST grade I, II and III, whereas this was not found safe in higher grades of splenic trauma.  

Methods: This is a hospital based prospective observational study, done on 45 hemodynamically stable patients of splenic trauma.

Results: Out of all studied parameters grade of injury, contrast blush on CT scan, grade of hemoperitoneum showed statistical significance with p value<0.001, however gender, age, mode of injury, showed no statistical significance. In our study, out of 45 patients, 38 (84.44%) patients had successful NOM of splenic trauma.  

Conclusions: Non-operative management (NOM) of blunt injury to the spleen in adults has become the standard of care in hemodynamically stable patients. This modality of treatment in paediatric patients is also highly successful and is standard treatment of choice in both adults and children. Success of NOM of isolated splenic injury depends on multiple factors such as availability of ICUs, high dependency units for strict monitoring, blood banks and availability of multidisciplinary team efforts encompassing anesthetics, trauma surgeons, radiologists, for successful outcome.

 


Keywords


Non operative management, AAST splenic trauma, Hemoperitoneum

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