DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20210390

Hypernatremia post hydatid cyst resection: case report

S. P. Sharma, Nishant Pathak, Ritu Grewal, Anuj Singh

Abstract


Hypernatremia or increased sodium level is defined as the plasma sodium level over 145 m mol/l. The electrolyte abnormality is associated with severe mortality (40-60%). Patients presenting acutely with this entity have varied clinical spectrum ranging from unresponsive state, dysphagia, shortness of breath, vomiting to seizures, coma or to even death. Iatrogenic hypernatremia usually a rare entity ensues after usage of hypertonic saline as scolicidal agent during hydatid cyst resection surgeries. There is a need of high level of suspicion, to be maintained in all patients being managed for clinical conditions requiring use of hypertonic saline (3-20% NS). Here we present a case of iatrogenic hypernatremia, post-surgical resection of hydatid cyst, with clinical manifestation and subsequent management in our tertiary care hospital.


Keywords


Hypernatremia, Iatrogenic, Seizures, Hypertonic Saline, Scolicidal, Hydatid cyst

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