Pancreaticogastrostomy as a choice of reconstruction after pancreaticoduodenectomy: a hospital based observational study

Hetish M. Reddy, Rajendra Bagree, Pradeep Panwar, Gaurav Jalendra


Background: The aim of this study was to compare the rate of occurrence of post-operative pancreatic fistulae (POPF) and other complications with pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) or pancreatojejunostomy (PJ) as a choice of reconstruction in classic Whipple’s Procedure.

Methods: A hospital based prospective observational study collected data of 60 patients who underwent Whipple’s procedure from June 2018 to august 2019, in two different surgical units, where one-unit preferred PG as routine while the other unit preferred PJ.

Results: Two out of 30 patients who underwent PG (Group A) developed POPF while Nine out of 30 patients who underwent PJ (Group B) developed POPF (p-value = 0.04) indicating a significant difference in outcome. The duration of hospital stay (DOHS) in our study in Group A was 12.82±1.74 days when compared to Group B was 13.88±2.01 days (p-value = 0.042).

Conclusions: Our results indicate that the preferred reconstruction after classic Pancreaticoduodenectomy should be Pancreaticogastrostomy, but further validation with randomized control trials or multicenter studies with larger sample size are required.


Pancreatic fistula, Pancreaticogastrostomy, Pancreatojejunostomy, Pancreaticoduodenectomy, whipple’s procedure, Post-operative pancreatic fistula

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