Published: 2020-11-27

Preperitoneal mesh repair in incisional hernia: a prospective study

Uma Dhanasekaran, Ramesh Arumugam


Background: Incisional hernia is a common surgical condition encountered in day to day practice. Based on national operative statistics, incisional hernias account for 15 to 20% of all abdominal wall hernias. Of all hernias encountered incisional hernias can be the most frustrating and challenging to treat. This prospective study aims to assess the efficacy of preperitoneal mesh repair technique using polypropylene mesh in the management of incisional hernia.

Methods: A total of 40 patients with incisional hernia undergone open preperitoneal polypropylene mesh repair. It had evaluated for post-operative complications and recurrence for six months to one-year post-surgery. The results had tabulated statistically analysed and compared with other published reports in the literature.

Results: Out of 40 patients, the size of the defect, 10 patients had less than 2 cm, 28 patients had between 2.1-4 cm, 1 patient between 4.1-6 cm and 1 patient between 6.1-8 cm. The type of hernia, 32 patients had infra umbilical hernia, and 8 patients had a supraumbilical hernia. Post-operative complication 3 patients had seroma, 1 patient had edge necrosis, 1 patient had post-op ileus, and 1 patient had chronic pain. Based on follow up, 4 patients had followed until 6 months, 10 patients till 9 months and 26 patients till one year.

Conclusions: Post-operative complications following open preperitoneal polypropylene mesh repair are considerably less compared to other techniques of mesh repair and showed no recurrence among its subjects during the follow-up period, and longer follow-up is required to draw a definitive conclusion.


Incisional hernia, Polypropylene mesh, Seroma, Recurrence

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