DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20204656

Surgical management of traumatic pancreatic injuries and their consequences.

Ashraf Mohammad El-badry, Mohamed Mahmoud Ali

Abstract


Background: Management of pancreatic trauma remains challenging due to difficulty in diagnosis and complexity of surgical interventions. In Egypt, reports on pancreatic trauma are scarce.

Methods: Medical records of adult patients with pancreatic trauma who were admitted at Sohag University Hospital (2012-2019) were retrospectively studied. Patients were categorized into group A of non-operative management (NOM), group B which required upfront exploratory laparotomy due to hemodynamic instability and group C in which surgical management was implemented after thorough preoperative assessment. Pancreatic injuries were ranked by the pancreas injury scale (PIS).

Results: Thirty-two patients (25 males and 7 females) were enrolled, and median age of 36 (range: 23-68) years. Twenty-eight patients (87.5%) had blunt trauma whereas penetrating injury occurred in 4 (12.5%). There were 9 patients in group A, 7 in group B and 16 in group C. High grades of pancreatic injury ≥3 occurred in 4 patients from group B and 5 from group C. Distal pancreatectomy was performed in 7 patients while central resection and panceatico-gastrostomy in one. Grade IV injury occurred only in one patient who received damage-control laparotomy. Post-operative complication were significantly increased in group B compared with C, in correlation worse hemodynamic status and increased severity of PIS. Post-operative mortality occurred in 2 patients (6%), both from group B. Late consequences included pancreatic pseudocyst (4 cases) and walled off pancreatic necrosis (2 cases).

Conclusions: High grades of pancreatic injury and hemodynamic instability correlate with worse outcome after surgery for pancreatic trauma.


Keywords


Pancreatic trauma, Pancreatectomy, Pancreatic fistula, Pseudocyst, Pancreatic abscess, Pancreatic necrosis

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References


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