Management of common bile duct calculi in a tertiary care hospital in North East India


  • Ranendra Hajong Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
  • Kewithinwangbo Newme Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India



CBD calculi, T-tube drainage, Primary CBD closure, Choledocho-duodenostomy, ERCP


Background: Common bile duct calculi are frequently encountered in patients with cholelithiasis. Treatment ranges from endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) to various surgical treatment modalities done either by laparoscopic or open techniques.

Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out in General Surgery department of NEIGRIHMS Hospital from April 2014 to March 2020. Patients attending the hospital with choledocholithiasis during the time period have been included in the study.

Results: A total of 82 patients were included in the study. The prevalence of common bile duct (CBD) calculi in patients attending NEIGRIHMS Hospital with symptomatic gallstone diseases was 5.16%. Treatments ranged from primary CBD closure or T-tube drainage after CBD exploration either by laparoscopic techniques, choledocho-duodenostomy and ERCP. Bile peritonitis in 9 patients and retained stone were observed in some patients who were managed accordingly. No mortality was seen in any patient.

Conclusions: The number of patients with CBD calculi and symptomatic gallstone disease attending NEIGRIHMS Hospital is less and standard of care is provided to the patients with acceptable morbidity and mortality.

Author Biographies

Ranendra Hajong, Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

Kewithinwangbo Newme, Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

SRD, General surgery


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Original Research Articles