DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20205348

The alcoholic individual and facial trauma: a 3 years survey

Manish Munjal, Sonika Kanotra, Shubham Munjal, Parth Chopra, Tullika Saggar, Hemant Chopra, Sanjeev Uppal

Abstract


Background: Road traffic accidents, under the influence of alcohol constitute a majority of patients in the emergency trauma services in tertiary health care facilities. The incidence of the same and the region predominantly involved was analysed.

Methods: 61 subjects in the Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial trauma services were studied, during a period of 2 years, at Dayanand medical college, Ludhiana, Punjab. In this prospective study the admission records were analysed in context to alcohol intake prior to the trauma.

Results: The incidence of facial fractures, attributed to road-side accidents was the highest i.e. 72%. Other antecedent events were, assaults in 15%, fall from heights in 8% and due to sport injuries in 3.2%. 34% of our patients were under the influence of alcohol at the time of injury. Incidence of facial fracture in our series were fracture mandible, 39.3%, zygomatic 23.5%, Le Fort II 17.9% and nasoethmoid 12.3%. One case of Le Fort I, orbital and alveolar fracture was seen.

Conclusions: Drunken driving in Punjab was behind one third i.e. 34% of the trauma patients in our casualty services.


Keywords


Alcohol, Fracture, Trauma, Traffic

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