DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20203255

A prospective study of proportion of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients presenting with dyspeptic symptoms in S. Nijalingappa Medical College and H.S.K. Hospital, Bagalkot

Shrikanth B. Kuntoji, Ankita A. Naik, Suhas D. S.

Abstract


Background: More than half of the world’s population is infected with Helicobacter pylori, the primary cause of chronic gastritis. Chronic gastritis is associated with peptic ulcer and in advanced stages with an increased risk of developing gastric adenocarcinoma. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in dyspeptic patients and its relationship with gastroduodenal pathologies using gastric biopsy histology.

Methods: A cross sectional prospective study was conducted from 1st January 2018 to 30th June 2019. It included out-patients and in-patients, presenting with dyspeptic symptoms and undergoing upper GI Endoscopy, at S. Nijalingappa Medical College and HSK hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India. Endoscopic impressions were noted. In case of any abnormal findings on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, endoscopic biopsy was obtained. Histopathological assessment of gastric mucosa was done after staining with H and E stain and Giemsa stain. The histopathological diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in biopsy specimen will be mainly done using the Modified Giemsa stain.

Results: 105 patients with dyspepsia were studied in total. Out of which, 44 patients (41.9%) were detected positive for Helicobacter pylori infection.

Conclusions: The burden of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with dyspepsia was high. Early diagnosis and eradication of Helicobacter pylori not only improves symptoms but also help to prevent complications associated with Helicobacter pylori infections.

 


Keywords


Dyspepsia, Endoscopy, Gastritis, Giemsa, Helicobacter pylori

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