Published: 2020-07-23

Clinico-microbiological profile and outcome of diabetic foot ulcers

Pratha Anantha Ramani, Murali Manohar Deevi, Simhadri Uday Kiran, Ginni Vijay Sainath Reddy, Ginjupalli Saichand, Sivaram Shashank Yeeli, Potireddy Yaswanth Reddy


Background: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are debilitating to the patients and significantly impair their quality of life. DFU associated with infection have the worst outcomes and may lead to amputations if timely intervention is not done. In the present study, aim was to identify the association between the type of organism isolated and the rates of amputations in diabetic foot ulcers.

Methods: We retrospectively studied 50 diabetic foot ulcers from January 2017 to June 2017, who were in-patients in a single unit of surgery department in King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam. Baseline clinical examination was done. Parameters such as age, sex, duration, diabetic status and its treatment, organisms isolated, various treatment options for ulcers and the outcomes were studies.

Results: Males were the predominant study subjects (M: F=32:18). The age of presentation was 18-65 years with an average of 46 years. Gram negative organisms were the frequent microbial isolates, all being mono-microbial infections. It was dominated by E. coli (17), Pseudomonas (12) and Klebsiella (11). Above-knee amputation was done in one patient and below-knee amputations in three patients. Total mortality in our study was 5. After applying the chi-square test, it was found that there is no significant association between the type of organism and the rate of amputations in our study.

Conclusions: Diabetes is a significant risk factor for ulceration in the extremities, which possesses considerable mortality and morbidity. Early intervention, control of diabetes and compliance of the patient treatment are all necessary to reduce the rates of amputations and mortality in patients with diabetic foot ulcers.


Amputations, Diabetes, Foot ulcers, Microbiological profile, Organisms, Outcomes

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