The role of non-stress test as a method to evaluate the outcome of high-risk pregnancy: a tertiary care center experience
Keywords:Non stress test, Acceleration, Bio physical profile, Fetal heart rate, Fetal movement, Contraction stress test
Background: Non-stress test (NST) is a graphical recording of changes in fetal heart activity and uterine contraction along with fetal movement when uterus is quiescent. NST is primarily a test of fetal condition and it differs from contraction stress test which is a test of uteroplacental function. The present study aimed at evaluating the efficacy and diagnostic value of NST for antenatal surveillance in high-risk pregnancy and comparing the mode of delivery with test results.
Methods: A clinical study of NST was done between November 2014 to October 2015. NST was used for their surveillance from 32 weeks of gestation and NST was recorded weekly, biweekly, on alternate days or even on daily basis depending on high risk factors and were followed up.
Results: A total of 100 cases were enrolled in the study. The mean age of patients was 25.09±3.78 years. In all 14 cases (23.3%) with reactive NST underwent lower caesarean section (LSCS) whereas 36 cases (90%) with non-reactive NST underwent LSCS. The mean NST delivery interval with reactive NST was 9.8±7.1 hours and in cases with non-reactive NST it was 9.2±8.6 hours, the difference was statistically not significant (p=0.70).
Conclusions: NST tells about acute fetal hypoxia and decision to delivery time can be made for those patients with fetal distress so that a major improvement in the outcome among parturient can be achieved with abnormal NST results. An abnormal NST should alert the clinician of fetal compromise and has to be followed up by other biophysical tests.
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