Systemic inflammatory response syndrome as a predictor of poorer outcomes in diabetic foot infection: a prospective analytical study

Authors

  • Anand Vinay Karnawat Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India
  • Vijayakumar Chellappa Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India
  • Balasubramanian Gopal Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India
  • Rajkumar Nagarajan Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India
  • Krishnamachari Srinivasan Department of Surgery, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20202391

Keywords:

DFI, Morbitity, Sepsis, SIRS, Quality of life

Abstract

Background: This study was done to diagnose the severity of infection in a group of hospitalized diabetic foot infection (DFI) patients based on the presence or absence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and compare the outcomes.

Methods: This was a single-center cohort study, in which 50 consecutive DFI patients having SIRS and 50 consecutive patients not having SIRS were included. Patients were followed for the duration of the hospital stay; parameters for glycaemic control, minor and major amputation, microbial culture, duration of hospital and ICU stay and mortality was recorded.

Results: The relative risk of major amputation among the patients of DFI who presented with SIRS was 2.66 times higher compared to who was not having SIRS at presentation (95% CI, 1.56-4.55). The presence of polymicrobial infection also had a statistically significant association with the incidence of major amputation. The duration of hospital stay was ~9.5 days longer in the DFI patients who presented with SIRS compared to who was not having SIRS at the time of presentation [8.00 (4.00-20.50) days versus 17.50 (10.75-38.25) days]. DFI patients with SIRS required a significantly prolonged ICU.

Conclusions: SIRS can be used as objective criteria to predict poorer outcomes in the diabetic foot infection patient and also to classify it. 

Author Biographies

Anand Vinay Karnawat, Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India

Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry. India

Vijayakumar Chellappa, Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India

Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry. India

Balasubramanian Gopal, Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India

Associate Professor

Department of Surgery,

Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research,

Puducherry, India

Rajkumar Nagarajan, Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India

Associate Professor

Department of Surgery,

Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research,

Puducherry, India

Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Department of Surgery, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry India

Department of Surgery, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital Puducherry. India

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Published

2020-05-26

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Original Research Articles