Study of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in rural hospital
Keywords:Gall stones, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Calculus cholecystitis
Background:Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred mode of treatment for gall stone diseases. This study is the audit of 125 laparoscopic cholecystectomy done in our institute between year 2013 to year 2014. In laparoscopic cholecystectomy common bile duct injuries were more common than open surgery. Objective of this study is to find out intra and postoperative complications in laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to find the reasons for conversion to open cholecystectomy.
Methods: This is the retrospective study of standard four port laparoscopic cholecystectomy done during year 2013 to year 2014 in our institute. The result and complications of laparoscopic surgery were documented in audit form for each laparoscopic cholecystectomy and at the end the results are analyzed.
Results:There were no common bile duct injury in our study of 125 cases and we had 5.6% conversion to open cholecystectomy due to various reasons discussed in the paper. There were no cases of postoperative abdominal abscess, port site hernia, common bile duct stricture or mortality in our study. One patient with cystic duct leak was managed successfully with post-operative endoscopic spincterotomy and stenting of common bile duct.
Conclusions:Laparoscopic cholecystectomy as treatment of choice is associated with high success rate at our institute with added benefits of minimal invasive surgery. Our results are comparable to international standards. Critical view of safety is an essential prerequisite for prevention of bile duct injuries.