Published: 2019-12-26

Feckless practices of bio medical waste management: a conundrum for developing countries

Anand Yadav, Rituja Kaushal


Background: Biomedical waste poses hazard due to two principal reasons: infectivity and toxicity. 75-90% of waste produced by health care facilities is generally non risky but remaining 10-25% is regarded as hazardous with the potential for creating a variety of health problems. Biomedical waste management is an integral part of infection control practices. Virtuoso biomedical waste handling leads to a better environment for medical as well as surgical care patients.

Methods: It is a descriptive forward moving study conducted to empower first year MBBS students about biomedical waste management and handling skills to enhance their expertise for future as a competent physician or surgeon and to assess their knowledge gain.

Results: Out of 150 students, 131 were present. 68 were males and 63 were females. Mean age was 21.33 with standard deviation of 3.745. Mean marks obtained were 3.09±1.15 (out of 5). ANOVA statistics revealed insignificant p value denoting unambiguous pattern of knowledge gain by all the participants.

Conclusions: Empowering medical undergraduates with basic medical skills at an early stage will make them more efficient for future endeavors.


Biomedical waste management, 2016 rules, Medical education, Bhopal

Full Text:



Datta P, Mohi GK, Chander J. Biomedical waste management in India: Critical appraisal. J Lab Physicians. 2018;10(1):6-14.

Park K. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. India: M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2017.

Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling, 1998) Rules. New Delhi: Government of India Publications; 1998. Ministry of Environment and Forests Notification; 1998: 276-284.

WHO. Review of Health Impacts from Microbiological Hazards in Health-Care Wastes. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.

INCLEN Program Evaluation Network (IPEN) Study Group, New Delhi, India. Bio-medical waste management: Situational analysis & predictors of performances in 25 districts across 20 Indian states. Indian J Med Res. 2014;139:141-53.

Seetharam S. Hepatitis B outbreak in Gujarat: A wake-up call. Indian J Med Ethics. 2009;6:120-1.

Pandit NB, Mehta HK, Kartha GP, Choudhary SK. Management of Bio-medical Waste: Awareness and Practices in a District of Gujarat. Indian J Public Health. 2005;49(4):245-7.

Basu M, Das P, Pal R. Assessment of future physicians on biomedical waste management in a tertiary care hospital of West Bengal. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2012;3(1):38-42.

Chouhan AS, Chauhan SR, Pati S, Pati SM. Teaching of biomedical waste in India: A mapping exercise. Ntl J Community Med. 2016;7(5):386-90.

Available at: Accessed on 25 November 2019.