DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20195381

Two-stages using endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography procedures versus single stage laparoscopic management for concomitant gallstones and common bile duct stones

Ahmed Abdel Kahaar Aldardeer, Alaa A. Redwaan

Abstract


Background: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LECBD) has been proven to be a safe, reliable, and effective treatment for common bile duct (CBD) stones and has gained wider acceptance. Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is safe and efficient method that has been usually used for the treatment of bile duct stones. The aim of this study is to compare the outcome of management of concomitant gallstones and common bile duct by two stage (ERCP+LC) versus one stage (LECBD+LC).

Methods: This study included 150 patients with concomitant gallstones and CBD stones who were treated at sohag university hospital from July 2017 to December 2018. Results were statistically analysed.

Results: The success rates of laparoscopic CBD exploration and ERCP for clearance of CBD were similar (Group A 96% vs. Group B 97.3%). The mean operative time was significantly longer in-group A (125.7±36.6 min) vs. in-group B (82.4±27.6 min), Group A as regard intraoperative complications (one patient had hemorrhage) vs. group B (2 patients hemorrhage during lap. cholecystectomy). As for conversion to other procedure 2 patients for group A vs. 3 patients for group B (conversion of LC to open).

Conclusions: Single and two-stage management for uncomplicated concomitant gallbladder and CBD stones had similar success and complication rates, but the single stage strategy was better in terms of shorter hospital stay, need for fewer procedures, less morbidity, and allows earlier recovery with a reduced period of short-term disability. 


Keywords


CBD stones, Gallstones, Laparoscopic CBD exploration, ERCP, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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