DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20194398

Role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the treatment of chronic ulcers of the foot in patients with type II diabetes mellitus

Said El Mallah, Abd El Moniem Fareed, Omar M. Abd Al-Halim Ghaly

Abstract


Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in healing of chronic foot ulcers in patients with type II diabetes mellitus.

Methods: A case control study included 40 type II diabetic patients with chronic foot ulcers not healing for more than 4 weeks. It has been conducted at Naser Institute for Research and Treatment and Menoufia University Hospital during the period between April 2017 and September 2018. Patients with non-healing diabetic foot ulcers were referred by physicians and were also identified through a number of wound care clinics in various hospitals.

Results: Most ulcers were observed in the sole and heel in both groups A and B (n=14 and 9 respectively), while the rest of ulcers were distributed in other areas of the foot, namely the medial and lateral malleoli, dorsum and toes. On comparing the wound related complications developing during the treatment period, no statistically significant difference was found between both groups (p=0.147). As regards Wagner's grade, 7 patients (17.5%) had grade 4 ulcers, 18 patients (45%) had grade 3 ulcers and 15 patients (37.5%) had grade 2 ulcers, showing no statistically significant difference between both groups before treatment (p=0.259).

Conclusions: HBOT is a useful adjunct in the treatment of non-healing diabetic foot ulcers, and that the cost of HBOT itself will be reduced as it becomes more widely available in the clinical setting, and as further knowledge of its other advantages, such as limited side effects and relative safety, become more widely appreciated. 


Keywords


Chronic ulcers, Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, Type II diabetes mellitus

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