Published: 2019-10-24

Prospective trial comparing open approach of Lichtenstein tension-free mesh with laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal approach for repair of inguinal hernia: tertiary center experience

Ahmed M. Helmy, Ahmed A. Aldardeer, Alaa A. Redwaan


Background: The introduction of various open mesh and laparoscopic techniques has increased the interest in inguinal hernia surgery. But still controversy persists about the most effective inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study was to compare the results of open Lichtenstein tension-free mesh technique and laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair for inguinal hernia.

Methods: We considered 55 patients were enrolled between. Patients were divided into two groups, group A had open mesh repair and group B had laparoscopic TAPP repair of groin hernia. Time to full recovery and return to work, operative time, postoperative pain, hospital postoperative stay, complications and recurrence rate were recorded in both groups.

Results: Significant difference was observed in the median time to return to normal activities in TAPP group versus in open approach. The mean hospital postoperative stay was 1-2 days in both groups. On follow up of our patients we found that in group A 3 patients had seroma, no haematoma discovered among our patients, 3 patients had wound infection, all previous complications were managed conservatively, in group B none of all 30 patients develop seroma, haematoma or infection. In group A 4 patients who were had bilateral hernia develop recurrence, while in group B we had no recurrence among the patients.

Conclusions: Laparoscopic (TAPP) approach to inguinal hernia repair is considered safe and effective as excellent alternative to conventional surgery repair. It is associated with less postoperative pain, hospital postoperative stay, postoperative complications, and recurrence, earlier return to normal activities.


Hernia, TAPP, Mesh, Seroma, Laparoscopic hernia

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