Gossypiboma: case report and review of literature

Tulasi Ram, Divya Dahiya, Anil Naik


Gossypiboma or retained surgical sponge is an entirely preventable surgical complication; it is associated with significant morbidity to patient and medico legal issues to the surgeon. Clinical presentation depends upon location of the foreign body and tissue reaction to the foreign body. Pre-operative diagnosis is the most difficult part and treatment of choice is surgery. A 30 year female presented with 16 months history of gradually increasing lump on left side of lower abdomen following a caeserian section. Ultrasonography was suggestive of infected mesenteric cyst and contrast enhanced computed tomography scan of abdomen was suggestive of either chronic abscess or gossypiboma. She was treated surgically; intra-operatively there was a 10×10 cm well circumscribed lesion in sigmoid mesentery which was adherent to sigmoid colon. It was a single surgical sponge with about 1000 ml of pus. Gossypiboma is an entirely avoidable surgical complication which is associated with significant morbidity and medico-legal implications. Meticulous counts with thorough exploration of site before closure can lessen the undue morbidity or mortality. Radio frequency identification verification by barcode scanner can reduce the error rate.


Gossypiboma, Textiloma, Lump abdomen

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