DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20193326

Comparison of continuous versus interrupted abdominal fascia closure using polydioxanone suture in laparotomy

Avinash Chandra Sharma, Akhil Kumar Gupta, Nitin Singh, Arvind Kumar Maurya, Mamta Singla

Abstract


Background: Laparotomy is a major surgical procedure in emergency settings. There is paucity of data regarding abdominal fascia closure in emergency laparotomies in Indian population. This study was planned to compare two techniques of fascial closure namely continuous and interrupted using polydioxanone in patients undergoing midline emergency laparotomies in our institute.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted in Surgery Department, MMC&H, Muzaffarnagar, from January 2017 to June 2018. 60 patients undergoing emergency laparotomies were divided into two groups of 30 each. Group I (study group) patients underwent interrupted suture abdominal closure; Group II (control group) patients underwent continuous suture closure.

Results: Commonest diagnoses were duodenal and enteric perforations. Mean closure time in Group 1 was 31.6 minutes and in Group 2 -17.3 minutes. Mean hospital stay in Group I and II were 12.88 and13.76 days respectively. 4 Group I patients developed wound discharge versus 6 patients in Group II. Burst abdomen occurred in 3 out of 60 patients. One Group I patient had localised fascial burst. One Group II patient had localized while one had complete fascial burst. One incisional hernia was observed in each group at 3rd month of follow up. Three patients in Group 1 and one in Group 2 developed suture sinus.

Conclusions: Major complication is wound dehiscence leading to increased morbidity, hospital stay and cost. In our study, we used continuous and interrupted PDS sutures and found that interrupted suturing method of abdominal wall closure is better, though it takes more time.


Keywords


Laprotomy, PDS, Interrupted sutures, Continuous sutures, Wound dehiscence

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