Results of Winograd technique (wedge resection of the toenail and nail bed) in ingrown toe nail


  • Aftab Ahmad Khan Department of Surgery, District Hospital, Doda, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Shiv Kumar Department of Orthopaedics, District Hospital, Doda, Jammu and Kashmir, India



Ingrown toe nail, Winograd technique


Background: Ingrown toe nail is a very common condition affecting toes which causes significant morbidity. Most common reasons are improper nail trimming or a tight show wear. Early stages can be managed conservatively by warm soaks, antibiotics and analgesics, however late stages need surgical intervention. Numerous surgical techniques have been described for this condition.

Methods: A prospective study was carried out in District hospital Doda from November 2015 to November 2017. Wedge resection of the toe nail and nail bed (Winograd technique) was used. Recurrence rates, complications and patient satisfaction was noted at the end of follow up at one year.

Results: We operated 29 toes in 23 patients. We had 3 (10.34%) recurrences out of 29 toes operated, 2 (6.89%) patients got secondarily infected. The overall satisfaction rate in our series was 69.56%.

Conclusions: Winograd technique is an easy and safe procedure, however chances of recurrence and cosmetic disfigurement should be explained to the patient during consent. 


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