Laparoscopic management of non-palpable un-descended testes: our experience

Zahid M. Rather, Nighat Ara Majid, Raja Waseem M., M. Nazrull Islam


Background: The purpose of the study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of laparoscopy in localizing non-palpable testes, its therapeutic role, mean operative time, conversion rate, complications and hospital stay.

Methods: A total of 52 patients were included in the study and was conducted from June 2012 to June 2017. These boys were examined as outpatients, at the time of admission and after general anesthesia to exclude palpable testes and were subjected to diagnostic and operative laparoscopy.

Results: We identified 52 patients with 66 non palpable un-descended testes. The most common age of presentation was 1-4 years. Majority of patients i.e. 27 were on the left side. Ultra-sound identified testis >2 cm from deep inguinal ring in 20, near deep ring <2 cm in 20 and at inguinal canal in 6 patients. In the diagnostic laparoscopy, high intra-abdominal testis found in 34, low intra-abdominal testis in 24, blind ending of vas and vessels in 2 patients. The operative procedures performed are diagnostic laparoscopy, laparoscopic orchidopexy, laparoscopic orchidectomy, conversion to open orchidopexy and open orchidectomy. The mean operative time was 53.67±2.37 for unilateral and 102.76±5.38 for bilateral cases. The postoperative complications include surgical emphysema, wound infection and scrotal haematoma. The mean hospital stay was 14.23±2.37 hours for unilateral and 16.27±5.38 hours for bilateral.

Conclusions: Laparoscopic orchidopexy appears to be a feasible, minimally invasive, less postoperative pain and trauma, faster convalesce and return to normal activity and an effective technique for the management of low intra-abdominal testes.


Un-descended testis, Laparoscopy, Orchidopexy

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