The effect of intravenous tranexamic acid on reduction of seroma after para- umbilical hernioplasty


  • Ayman Albatanony Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt
  • Mahmoud Shahin Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt
  • Asem Fayed Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt
  • Ahmed El Shemi Department of General Surgery, Elzaytoon Specialized Hospital, Cairo, Egypt



Hernioplasty, Para-umbilical, Seroma, Tranexamic acid


Background: Para-umbilical hernioplasty is mostly safe but there are possible complications like seroma, wound infection and recurrence. Tranexamic acid is a synthetic derivative of the amino acid lysine that exerts an anti-fibrinolytic action through the reversible blockade of lysine binding sites on plasminogen molecules, used in the prevention and treatment of excessive bleeding both in primary and secondary care. Our study aimed to evaluate the effect of intravenous tranexamic acid injection on reduction of seroma after para-umbilical hernioplasty.

Methods: We conduct a prospective controlled trial to compare the effect of intra-operative, intravenous single dose of tranexamic acid by a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight with induction of anaesthesia on the occurrence of local wound complications as seroma, wound infection in addition to time of drain removal and the amounts of drain output, by comparison between two groups.

Results: Single intravenous dose of tranexamic acid with induction of anathesia reduced drain duration (P-value was 0.001), drain output in 1st day (P-value was 0.008), and drain output in 5th  day (P-value was 0.036). Adverse effects were not observed.There were no significant difference in occurence of seroma (P-value was 0.429), and wound infection (P-value was 1.00).

Conclusions: Our study revealed that tranexamic acid showed significant correlation with decrease duration of drains and fewer amounts of drain volumes in first day post-operative. 


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