Acute mild gallstone pancreatitis: timing of cholecystectomy
Keywords:Gallstone, Pancreatitis, Cholecystectomy
Background: Cholecystectomy is essential to prevent recurrent attacks of mild acute gallstone pancreatitis, but the precise timing of cholecystectomy remains a subject of ongoing debate. The aim of this study is to address the optimal timing of cholecystectomy in patients with mild acute gallstone pancreatitis.
Methods: From September 2013 to September 2018, patients with mild acute gallstone pancreatitis were prospectively randomized to either an early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) versus a delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC) group. Recurrent biliary complications, success and failure rate, difficulty of cholecystectomy, operative time, cholecystectomy related complications, length of admission between the two groups were evaluated.
Results: A total of 80 patients were randomized to the ELC (41 patients) and to the DLC group (39 patients). There were a statistically significant differences in the total length of hospital stay and recurrent biliary events (4.5±1.1 vs. 7.4±2.6 days, p<0.01 and 4.9% vs. 41%, p<0.001; respectively). There were no differences regarding success and failure rate, difficulty of cholecystectomy, operative time, cholecystectomy related complications, and length of index admission between both groups.
Conclusions: In mild gallstone pancreatitis, ELC results in a shorter overall hospital stay with a significant reduction in the recurrent biliary events with no apparent impact on the safety and technical difficulty of the procedure or perioperative complication rate.
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