Published: 2019-06-29

Proportions and reasons for breast conservation surgery and modified radical mastectomy in early breast carcinoma

N. R. Sajikumar, S. Syamsunder, Carol Pinheiro


Background: Breast cancer is a common cancer among women in India and its incidence is increasing in an alarming rate. There is a paradigm shift in the management of early breast cancer with more emphasis given to breast conservation treatments. This study aimed to assess the proportion of patient underwent breast conservation surgery and reasons to choose breast conservation surgery or modified radical mastectomy in early breast cancer.

Methods: Information of 41 patients with early breast carcinoma who attended the institute during the study period and who can choose either modified radical mastectomy or breast conservation surgery depending on their wish are included in the study group and the data thus obtained was entered in MS Excel data sheet and analysed using SPSS 16 software.

Results: It was observed that the proportion of women selecting breast conserving therapy increased with improved literacy status. Similarly, menstrual status and location of tumor do have an influence in choosing breast conserving surgery with significant statistical correlation. However, unlike the previous studies we did not find any statistically significant association between age and surgical decision. Similarly, place of residence, and employment status of the patient does not influence the decision to undergo breast conservation surgery.

Conclusions: We have to create awareness in the society about the safety of breast conservation treatment to popularize this modality of treatment there by more and more organs can be preserved. 


Breast conservation surgery, Early breast cancer, Modified radical mastectomy

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