DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20190824

A study of surgical profile of patients with hemorrhoids at a tertiary care hospital

Prashant R. Shinde, Meghraj J. Chawada, Sudhir B. Deshmukh

Abstract


Background: In hemorrhoids, the anal canal venous plexuses become engorged. It can lead to bleeding, thrombosis, prolapse, pain. Study of surgical profile helps to educate the patients to take proper precautions to avoid the severe forms of it. The objective of the study was to study the surgical profile of patients with hemorrhoids at a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: Present study was hospital based cross sectional study. It was carried out at a tertiary care hospital in the department of general surgery among 100 patients who presented with symptoms suggestive of hemorrhoids during the study period from 1st January 2017 to 31st October 2018.

Results: Majority of the patients 41% were in the age group of 35-45 years. The number affected by hemorrhoids was more in males i.e. 56%. Incidence of hemorrhoids was more in upper class. Incidence of hemorrhoids was less i.e. 21% among those who took only vegetarian diet. Majority of the patients (78%) presented after one year of occurrence of treatment. 54% of the patients had third grade of hemorrhoids. Bleeding was present in the majority i.e. 98% of the patients. On anorectal examination, it was found that 44% of the patients had fissure and 23% of the patients had peri anal skin tag. Anorectal examination was within normal limits in 33% of the cases.

Conclusions: Vegetarian diet may be protective against hemorrhoids. Bleeding was the most common presenting symptom. Thus, study helped to identify that being male, younger age group, non-veg diet may be the risk factors for hemorrhoids.

Keywords


Hemorrhoids, Symptoms, Surgical profile

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References


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