Evaluation of various pre and postoperative parameters associated with types of surgical site infections in abdominal surgeries


  • Shabi Ahmad Department of Surgery, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Abhinav Agrawal Department of Surgery, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Shivam Madeshiya Department of Surgery, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Roshni Khan Department of Radiodiagnosis, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Pradeep Kumar Singh Department of Surgery, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India




Hospitalization, Infections, Morbidity


Background: Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) contributing to substantial rate of mortality, significant morbidity, considerable prolongation in length of hospitalization and added treatment expenses. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has classified Surgical site infections (SSI) into superficial, deep, or organ/space SSIs. The objective of study was to evaluate pattern of surgical site infection in various abdominal surgeries.

Methods: All patients who admitted in surgical OPD/emergency and undergoing abdominal surgical procedures were included in study. Patients were observed in wards and during follow up to assess signs and symptoms of surgical site infection.

Results: Result were analysed in terms of etiology, distribution of cases based on case scenario, wound type, clinical features, number of re-explorations done after development of SSI, type of surgery (laparoscopic v/s open), type of organisms cultured, mortality, co-morbid condition, number of extra days in hospital after SSI and average amount spent after SSI.

Conclusions: Surgical site infection is associated with high incidence of morbidity in terms of treatment cost and hospital stay. Average hospital stay, expenditure, co-morbidities and mortality were more in organ/space SSI. Superficial SSI is most common in both laparoscopy and open procedures. Deep and organ/space SSI not seen with laparoscopy. Superficial SSI were more common in clean and clean contaminated cases while superficial SSI was more common in contaminated and dirty cases. In superficial and deep SSI staphylococcus aureus was more common whereas in organ/space SSI E. coli and pseudomonas were common bacterial isolates.


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Original Research Articles