DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20191876

Comparison between Ransons score and modified CTSI in predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis based on modified Atlanta classification 2012

Manjunath B. D., Mohammed Arafath Ali, Abdul Razack, Harindranath H. R., Avinash K., Kavya T., Lakshmi Vijayakumar

Abstract


Background: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process of the pancreas with possible peripancreatic tissue and multiorgan involvement inducing multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS) with a high mortality rateand hence early identification of patients at risk for severe disease is of vital importance.

Methods: Data were collected from 50 patients who presented to the emergency department of hospitals attached to BMCRI, Bangalore, having acute pancreatitis.

Results: The study included 50 patients- 40 males and 10 females and median patient age was 54.5years.Out of the 50 patients, 40% had gall stones, 56% were alcoholic and 4% had idiopathic pancreatitis.56% were found to have a Ransons score of >3 and 44% had score < 3; 52%had a modified CTSI score of 0-2, 52%had a score of 4-6 and 22% had a score of 8-10. The incidence of severe acute pancreatitis in patients with Ransons score >3 has a p value <0.002. Also, the incidence of severe acute pancreatitis in patients with modified CTSI score >4 has a p value of <0.001.With respect to mortality, all 4 patients who died had a modified CTSI score of >4 (p=0.002) and 3 patients had Ransons score >3 (p=0.03) which is statistically significant.

Conclusions: In our country where facility for CECT is not available to a major proportion of population, early assessment of severe pancreatitis can be performed by Ransons scoring, which is found to be comparable to modified CTSI scoring.


Keywords


Acute pancreatitis, Modified CTSI, Mortality, Ranson’s score

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