DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20190416

Ileal volvulus due to ascaris lumbricoides: a diagnosis revisited

Ipseet Mishra, Sudip Haldar, Souvik Paul

Abstract


Ascariasis infestation is a common helminthic disease in developing countries with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, one of which can be acute abdomen. Small bowel volvulus is a serious life-threatening emergency. The aetiology may be primary as is often seen in Africa and Asia, while in Western countries other predisposing conditions usually initiate the volvulus. Ascariasis is highly prevalent in India and so, a myriad of different presentations is quite obvious. Here the authors have reported a case of a 6year old boy presenting with features of acute intestinal obstruction-central abdominal pain, repeated vomiting and abdominal distension. After evaluation with abdominal radiography and ultrasonography, exploratory laparotomy was planned. A secondary ileal volvulus compact with worms of ascaris lumbricoides was found. Resection of non-viable ileum was done after evacuation of worms by enterotomy followed by primary anastomosis. Prompt clinical diagnosis, a high index of suspicion for complications and early surgical intervention are critical in minimizing morbidity in cases of Intestinal Ascariasis.


Keywords


Ascariasis, Ileal volvulus, Small bowel volvulus

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References


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