Safety and efficacy of laparoscopic versus open surgery in management of common bile duct stones: experience at the Sohag University Hospital, Egypt

Mena Z. Helmy, Ahmed E. Ahmed


Background: Management of common bile duct (CBD) stones includes removal of the gallbladder and clearance of the ductal system which can be achieved through different approaches; endoscopic, laparoscopic or surgical.  Objective of this study is to assess the safety, efficacy, technical feasibility and surgical outcomes of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) versus open surgery in the treatment of patients with cholidocholithiasis.

Methods: From June 2015 to December 2017, 120 patients with CBD stones were prospectively treated at Sohag University Hospital, Upper Egypt. Patients were divided into two groups: the first one treated by LCBDE (60 patients), while the other group treated by open surgery (60 patients).

Results: The ages of our patients were ranged from 20 to 80 (mean = 40) years, with a female predominance (female/male = 74/46). Patients in the first group were treated by laparoscopic approaches: transcystic approaches in four patients and transcholedochotomy approaches in 56 patients. Choledochoscop was routinely used to detect, extract the stones, in addition to assessment of CBD clearance. The conversion rate was done in two cases. The operative time was 120 (90-220) min, the clearance of CBD stones was achieved in 98.4% of cases (one case of missed stones). Hospital stay was 3 (2-4) days, with no mortality, morbidity rate was 5% including bile leak, and missed stone. The operative time in the second group was 100 (80-180) min, the clearance of CBD stones was achieved in 96.6% of cases (two cases of missed stones). Hospital stay was 8 (5-12) days, with no mortality; the morbidity rate was 15% in the form of wound infection, bile leak, missed stone and ileus.

Conclusions: Management of cholidocholithiasis by laparoscopic approach is feasible, effective and safe procedure with good outcome and high success rate.



Common bile duct stones, Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration, Opens common bile duct exploration

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