DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20183846

Laparoscopic ovarian drilling in clomiphene citrate resistant polycystic ovarian syndrome patients

M. Sridhar, Chillamherla Susmitha

Abstract


Background: Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder which commonly affects women in their reproductive age, often leading to anovulatory infertility. There has been a resurgence of surgical intervention with the advent of ovarian drilling. This study was performed to assess the surgical management for patients with PCOS resistant to hormonal therapy.

Methods: A thorough history and demographic details were taken from all the patients. A detailed clinical examination, along with transvaginal sonography was done. Laparoscopic ovarian drilling was performed on the patients under general anesthesia.

Results: Most of the women were in the 3rd decade of their life and majority of the women had attained menarche at 13 years. The chief complaint of the patients was irregular periods experienced by 80%. 44.4% of the patents had normal BMI, while 31.5% were underweight. Most of the patients (6.7%) showed no evidence of hyperandrogenism, while 20% had hirsutism, 11% had acne.

Conclusions: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is quite prevalent among the women of reproductive age. The effective treatment for PCOS which are resistant to hormonal therapy is laparoscopic drilling of the ovaries which results in ovarian function.


Keywords


Clomiphene citrate, Infertility, Laparoscopic ovarian drilling, Polycystic ovarian syndrome

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