Breast carcinoma and its relation to risk factor: an institutional study at Government Vellore Medical College, Vellore, India

Rathi Thilagam N., Anbalagan P.


Background: Breast is the second commonest site involved by cancer in Indian women after cervix. Breast cancer is easily detectable as it is an external organ, but many women fail to present at an early stage and they present in an advanced stage. The present study is a study to assess the risk factors for carcinoma breast patients presenting to government Vellore Medical college.

Methods: The present study is a Retrospective study and the study period was between January 2017 to January 2018. The inclusion Criteria were all female patients above 30 years of age reporting with histopathological diagnosis of carcinoma breast. All the risk factors were assessed.

Results: The present study focused on age group of 46-50 years who showed increased risk for development of carcinoma breast. The risk factors that were evident from the present study were staging of the disease, early menarche, delayed menopause, first pregnancy at later age. Apart from the above-mentioned risk factors, Nulliparity and non-breast feeding was also evident in the study. In addition, obesity also showed positive results as a risk factor.

Conclusions: The high-risk factors for carcinoma breast from present study are early menarche, Late Menopause, Nulliparity, Non-breast feeding, and obesity. Obesity was one of risk factors which should be given importance in rural society too.


Carcinoma breast, Risk factors

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