DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20183729

Liver abscess, management strategies, and outcome

Sudhir R. Jayakar, Prabhat B. Nichkaode

Abstract


Background: Liver abscess, a disease troubling mankind from ancient times, has earliest documentation in the Sanskrit document. Where right upper abdominal pain, have potentially lethal consequences, if prompt diagnosis and treatment are not accomplished. However, two major types are known, amoebic and pyogenic, in medical literature. Pyogenic liver abscess constitutes major bulk of hepatic abscess in western countries. The diagnosis is confirmed by ultrasonography, reddish brown (anchovy-paste like material) aspirate from abscess. The diagnosis, treatment and prognosis, of liver abscess have evolved remarkably over past few years. Imaging has improved diagnostic competence and has altered therapeutic strategy. The study aims at early clinical and  diagnosis on imaging of liver abscess, to set up some guide lines in view of conservative or either  intervention.

Methods: The present study was hospital based longitudinal study, carried out in tertiary care teaching hospital from November 2013 to November 2015.  A total of 55 patients were enrolled in the study. All patients with suspicion of having liver abscess were confirmed on Imaging and included as present study population. Authors studied mainly presentation, role of conservative treatment, Aspiration, pigtail catheter, Outcome, and post procedural complications.

Results: All patients presented with Pain right or left upper abdominal pain in abdomen, any chest complaints , majority of present study group patients had fever with or without rigors, deranged liver function. Imaging is the most diagnostic method, and also helped in therapy and follow up.

Conclusions: Males are affected more than females, Imaging is the best modality for diagnosis, therapy and follow up. Aspiration or pigtail drainage is the standard method of drainage. Pigtail drainage is the better method of treatment than aspiration.


Keywords


Aspiration, CT, Imaging, Liver abscess, Pigtail drainage, USG

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