A study of clinical profile of varicose veins in our tertiary care center: a randomized prospective observational study
Keywords:Varicose veins, Long and short saphenous venous system, Sclerotherapy, Stripping and flush ligation, Subfascial ligation, EVLA
Background:Varicose vein are abnormally dilated, tortuous, elongated veins of lower limbs which have permanently lost their valvular efficiency. objectives of our study was to study clinical profile, complications and different modalities utilized in our institute and to assess and study final outcome in patients included in our study.
Methods: This study was a prospective observational and analytical study of 100 patients. Patients within age group of 10 to 70 years and patients with varicose vein complications were included in our study whereas patients with age less than 10 years and more than 70 years, patients with deep vein thrombosis, chronic debilitated and immune-compromised patients were excluded.
Results:100 patients were treated for varicose veins of lower limb in our institute. Average age of the patients was 36 years. The youngest patient was of 15 years and oldest patient was 65 years old. Commonest presentation was dilated veins with itching and pigmentation in 65% of patients. Long saphenous vein was involved in 96% of limbs. Most common valve involved was SFJ. 25 patients were treated by sclerotherapy, residual varicosity seen in 4 patients. only 5 patients (20%) developed residual varicosity after operative procedure.
Conclusions:The database of our retrospective study regarding age & sex incidence, clinicopathological features and therapeutic outcome was comparable to other studies in various literatures.