DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20183219

A rare case of Valentino’s syndrome

Mohan C. P., Kabalimurthy J., Balamurugan E., Jayavarmaa R.

Abstract


The pain in the right iliac fossa corresponds with many clinical conditions, most commonly Acute appendicitis. Rarely peptic ulcer perforation presents as pain in the right iliac fossa. This condition is called as Valentino’s syndrome. This is due to the leakage of the gastric contents from the stomach or duodenum during the perforation. This induces peritonitis and sometimes the fluids get collected in the right iliac fossa causing pain, hence mimicking appendicitis. This is the case study of a 17yr old boy with right iliac fossa pain and tenderness, vomiting, fever, all corresponding to acute appendicitis. But on surgical exploration, it was found to be duodenal perforation. Valentino’s syndrome is a very misleading condition which will lead to death if proper evaluation and timely management is not done. This study emphasis the fact that Valentino’s syndrome has to be considered as the differential diagnosis in symptoms suggestive of acute appendicitis.


Keywords


Appendicitis, Peptic ulcer, Perforation, Valentino’s syndrome

Full Text:

PDF

References


Graffeo, Charles S, Counselman, Francis L. Appendicitis. Emerg Medicine Clin North Am. 1996;14(4):653-71.

Martin RF, Rossi RL. The acute abdomen. An overview and algorithms. Surg Clin North Am. 1997;77(6):1227‑43.

Patel NB, Wenzke DR. Evaluating the patient with right lower quadrant pain. Radiol Clin North Am. 2015;53(6):1159‑70.

Ripolles T, Martinez-Perez MJ, Morote V, Solaz J. Diseases that simulate acute appendicitis on ultrasound. British J Radiol. 1998 Jan;71(841):94-8.

Wijegoonewardene SI, Stein J, Cooke D, Tien A. Valentino’s syndrome a perforated peptic ulcer mimicking acute appendicitis. BMJ Case Rep 2012;28:1-3.

Ramírez‑Ramírez MM, Villanueva‑Saenz E. Valentino’s syndrome. Perforated peptic ulcer with unusual clinical presentation. Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2016;81(4):225‑6.

Mahajan PS, Abdalla MF, Purayil NK. First report of preoperative imaging diagnosis of a surgically confirmed case of Valentino’s syndrome. J Clin Imaging Sci. 2014;4:28.

Prabhu V, Shivani A. An overview of history, pathogenesis and treatment of perforated peptic ulcer disease with evaluation of prognostic scoring in adults. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;4(1):22‑9.