DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20183198

A prospective study of analyzing foot wear practice in patients with diabetic foot problems

Amit Kumar C. Jain, Rajagopalan S.

Abstract


Background: The aim is to study usage and type of footwear practices in patients with diabetic foot and assess their socioeconomic status of these patients.

Methods: A prospective descriptive study was carried out in the Department of Surgery of Rajarajeswari Medical College, Bangalore, India. The study period was for 6 months.

Results: A total of 38 patients were included in this study. There were 30 males (78.9%) and 8 females (21.1%). Majority of patients (47.4%) were illiterate and around 31.6% of the patient’s education was less than 10th standard. Only 2.6% of them had completed their degree. Majority of patients had type 1 diabetic foot complication accounting for 50 % of patients. Only 5.3% of patients were on therapeutic foot wear with 94.7% using inappropriate footwear. 81.6 % of patients walked barefoot outside house and 94.7% walked barefoot inside the house with only 5.3% of patients use some footwear even in house. Only 15.8% of patients with diabetic foot had received advice on footwear by their doctors.

Conclusions: Diabetic foot is often neglected by patients and health care professionals. Except for 5.3% who used therapeutic footwear, 94.7% of the patients with diabetic foot were on inappropriate footwear. 81.6 % of patients walked barefoot outside house and 94.7% walked barefoot inside the house. Only 10.5% of patients change their footwear every year. None of the patients after surgery received any foot wear advice.


Keywords


Amputation, Barefoot, Diabetic foot, Footwear

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