DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20181835

A study of clinical profile of hypospadias cases at a medical college hospital of South Gujarat, India

Ajit Gohil, Archana Nema

Abstract


Background: Hypospadias is a common congenital anomaly in which the anterior urethra is incompletely developed and does not extend to the tip of the glans penis. The present study was aimed to study clinical profile of hypospadias cases at a medical college hospital of southern Gujarat.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital of South Gujarat, India including 32 patients of hypospadias. Data collected for each patient included age, sex, demography, and major symptoms, duration of symptoms and relevant past and treatment history.

Results: Out of 32, 9 (28%) patients are between 4 years to 6 years of age and mean age of presentation of patients of hypospadias is 7.55 years. Twenty seven (84%) patients of Hypospadias were associated with prepucial hood, 17 (53%) patients of Hypospadias were associated with meatal stenosis, 6 (19%) patients of hypospadiasis were associated with severe chordee and 2 (6%) patients associated with narrow urethral plates.

Conclusions: T Most cases of hypospadias were presented at age 9 years and below. Most common type of hypospadias was coronal and distal penile followed by penoscrotal type. Hypospadias was associated with prepucial hood (84%), meatal stenosis (53%), Chordee (19%) and narrow urethral plates (6%) out of total cases. Hypospadias was associated with undescended testis, bilateral retractile testis, cervical rib, mental retardation and microcephaly with mental retardation, squint and bifid tongue.


Keywords


Clinical profile, Coronal, Distal penile, Hypospadias, Penoscrotal

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