DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20175893

Evaluation of RIPASA score in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis

Shubhi P. Bhatnagar, Shahaji Chavan

Abstract


Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies. Despite being a common problem, it remains a difficult diagnosis to establish, particularly among the young, the elderly and females of reproductive age. The study aimed to compare the efficacy of RIPASA score in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis.

Methods: In this cross sectional comparative study, 100 cases of pain in the right iliac fossa were admitted and evaluated clinically. RIPASA score was calculated for all. Ultrasound (USG) of abdomen and pelvis was done. A positive RIPASA score or USG finding was the criteria for open appendicectomy. The postoperative histopathological reports were compared with the RIPASA scores.

Results: RIPASA score was positive in 90% cases. Histopathologically, appendicitis was present in 99% cases. One case of normal appendix histopathologically had a lower RIPASA score. This indicated that RIPASA score could correctly diagnose acute appendicitis in 90% cases.

Conclusions: RIPASA score is an efficient score in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. As compared with ultrasonography of abdomen and pelvis, the RIPASA score is more diagnostic in cases of acute appendicitis. Negative findings of acute appendicitis on ultrasonography of abdomen and pelvis are not the diagnostic test to rule out appendicitis.


Keywords


Acute appendicitis, RIPASA score

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