Risk factors and seasonal trends of duodenal ulcer perforation

Authors

  • Shankar Lal J. Department of General Surgery, KIMS, Koppal, Karnataka
  • Shrikant Channadasar Department of General Surgery, KIMS, Koppal, Karnataka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20160670

Keywords:

Duodenal ulcer perforation, Risk factors, NSAIDS

Abstract

Background:Strong association has been observed between the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) and perforation of duodenal ulcers. The use of these drugs appears to be the major precipitating factor in currently treated patients. A second risk factor for perforation is immune-suppression, particularly among transplant patients treated with steroids. Other factors include increasing patient age, chronic obstructive lung disease, major burns, and multiple organ system failure.

Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of surgery, Basaveshwara teaching and general hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India during the period of November 2011 - September 2013. The diagnosis of duodenal ulcer perforation was that established by the admitting surgeon, based on clinical features and supposed by radiological evidence and confined at operation.

Results:It was found that 25% of patients were both smokers and alcoholics. In the present study 26.67% of patients had history of NSAID intake.

Conclusions:Duodenal perforation cases were high during winter season.

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Published

2016-12-08

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Section

Original Research Articles