Predictors of failure in non-operative management of blunt liver trauma


  • Andika A. Winata Department of General Surgery, Padjadjaran Medical University, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
  • Reno Rudiman Department of Digestive Surgery, Padjadjaran Medical University, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia



Blunt liver injuries, Non-Operative Management, Prognostic factors of failure


Background: Liver is the most injured organ in abdominal trauma. Nonoperative treatment (NOM) is increasingly being adopted as the initial management strategy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of operative and conservative management of patients with blunt liver injury treated in a single institution.

Methods: A retrospective study, analyzing patients admitted from 2011-2015 with the diagnosis of liver trauma, was performed. The patients were classified according to the intention to treatment: Group I, NOM; Group II, operative management and Group III, fail in NOM management. We analyzed demographic data, injury classification, associated injuries, transfusions, shock, liver function test, lactate level, and mortality rates.

Results: Over the five years period, 68 patients were recorded, 45 were successful (S-NOM) and 18 were failed (F-NOM). No differences in age, sex or initial hemodynamics were found between S-NOM and F-NOM. The F-NOM patients were more seriously injured, more acidotic, required transfusion, had more fluid collection at FAST, had worse transaminase level and higher mortality rate. Grade of liver injuries was the independent risk factor of failure in nonoperating management of blunt liver trauma with the cut-off point is 3.66.

Conclusions: Non-operative management of blunt liver injuries is successful in some cases. Patients with more severe injury tend to have an operation. High-grade blunt liver injuries always present with a worse condition and require an operation.

Author Biography

Andika A. Winata, Department of General Surgery, Padjadjaran Medical University, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

digestive surgery departement


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Original Research Articles